Le droit et les institutions de l’insanité d’esprit en France sous l’Ancien Régime (Written in Franch)
During the last two centuries of the Ancien Regime, medicine and the monarchistic state progressively increased their hold over the law and institutions dedicated to insane people. Whereas at the beginning of the XVIIth century, families and charity institutions were still the main supports of mad people, on the eve of Revolution, most mentally sick persons were locked up and taken care of on“public powers”initiative. Allied to the“medical power”, the absolute monarchy developed a kind of social assistance specifically intended for insane people, while their legal status tended to be standardized. The principles and practices established by the“Esquirol law”of June 30th 1838 already existed at the end of the Ancien Regime.