Two Attempts to Medicalize Reproduction and Their Implications
This article contrasts the Korean government's two interventions, separated by 50 years, in birth control policy and support for assisted reproductive technology. One of the two interventions achieved the goal of a sharp decline in birth rate, but the other did not achieve the goal of raising the birth rate. Thus the results of the two interventions varied greatly. It is the goal of this paper to identify the reasons for this difference. Incomparing the two cases, we examine several factors: phenomena, trends, individual differences, and their considerations and moral psychology. The fact that individuals engage in moral deliberation when deciding on reproductive behaviour can be considered a key reason why the two interventions produced different results. If this hypothesis is correct, policy intervention may not lead to the desired result unless the elements of moral deliberation are considered.